Rules and Procedures of the Parliament

Govt. & Politics

_________________________________________________

 

Constitutional provisions:

Article 81 (Money Bill)

Money bill means a bill containing only provisions dealing with the following matters-

  • imposition, regulation, alteration, remission or repeal of any tax;
  • borrowing money, giving guarantee or amendment of any law of financial obligation of the Govt.;
  • custody, payment into and from Consolidated Fund;
  • imposition, alteration or abolition of any charge from the Consolidated Fund;
  • receipt money, custody or audit of the account of the Consolidated Fund or Public Account;

 

Article 83

No tax shall be levied or collected without the authority of the Act of Parliament.

 

Article 84 (1) (Consolidated Fund)

Consolidated Fund includes-

  • Revenues received
  • Loans raised
  • Repayment of loan (interest)

Presentation of bill and consent of the Parliament are required in respect of expenditure from this fund, except in cases of paying the wages of constitutional posts.

 

Article 84 (2) (Public Account of the Republic)

All other public moneys received other than the Consolidated Fund.

Source of the Account: Tax, License fee etc.

 

Article 87 (Annual Financial Statement or Budget)

Annual Financial Statement-

  • in respect of each financial year (July 1 – June 30)
  • Statement of the estimated receipt and expenditure of the Govt of that year

 

Article 91 (Supplementary and excess grants)

If it is fund that-

The amount authorised is insufficient or a need has arisen or excess money is spent for that year, then-

i) The President shall -

  • have power to authorize expenditure from Consolidated Fund
  • cause to be laid before Parliament a supplementary financial statement setting out the estimated amount of the expenditure or, an excess financial statement setting out the amount of the excess;

ii) the provision of Articles 87 – 90 shall apply.

 

Article 92 (Votes of account, Votes of credit etc.)

Before completion of voting of grant and passing of law, Parliament shall have the power-

  • to make any grant in advance in respect of the estimated expenditure
  • to grant for meeting and unexpected demand if the service is huge or of indefinite character
  • to make an exceptional grant which forms no part of any financial year.

 

 

Rules of procedure of Parliament-

 

At a glance-

  • Adopted on July 22, 1974;
  • After change over from Parliamentary to Presidential system, these rules have since been amended on seven occasions
  • Parliamentary system was revived through the Constitution (Twelfth Amendment) Act, 1991
  • Committee on Rules of Procedure set up on November 5, 1991
  • It held nine meetings from December 7, 1991 to January 19, 1992; prepared a report which recommended some amendments
  • Parliament adopted these amendments on February 5, 1992
  • After incorporating the above-mentioned amendments, a new edition of the Rules of Procedure of Bangladesh Parliament as amended up to 5th February, 1992 was published
  • on the 24th July, 1996, Parliament set up the Standing Committee on Rules of Procedure
  • it met in 13 meetings from the 4th August, 1996 to the 8th May, 1997; prepared a report recommending amendments to Rule 247
  • Parliament adopted the amendments recommended in the report on 10th June, 1997

Presentation of budget

  • Presentation will be according to the consideration of Finance Minister.
  • The Budget shall not be referred to any Committee
  • Budget not to be discussed on presentation
  • Procedure of budget-

i) general discussion on the budget as a whole

ii) voting on demands for grants

 

Cut-motion: A motion may be moved to reduce the amount of a demand

Conditions of admissibility of cut-motion-

  • it shall relate to one demand only
  • it shall confined to one specific matter
  • shall not relate to expenditure charged on the Consolidated Fund

 

 

 

Committees of the Parliament

Description, total member and function

Committee on Privilege

 

Total member = 10

·         To try a matter of violation of special right of a member.

·         To report such matter.

Committee of the Whole

 

Whole parliament as committee.

Discusses about the disputes of other committees.

Public Accounts Committee

Most important standing committee.

Total member = 15

·         To ensure that all public money is spent as Parliament intended

·         To ensure the exercise of due economy

·         To maintain high standard of public morality in all financial matters.

Committee on Rules of Procedure

·         Speaker is the chairman

·         Technocrat ministers can be members only if a matter is related to their ministry.

Total member = 12

·         To amend the Rules of Procedure

Advisory Committee

·          

Total member = 10

·         Sets up Agenda, time slot etc.

Committee on Private member’s bill

·          

Total member = 10

·         Examines the private member’s bill

Special committee

Consists of as per the proposal of the parliament

Total member =

·         To serve the purpose it created for

Permanent Committee on ministry

·          

 

·          

Committee on scrutinising bill

·          

 

·          

Committee on Public/Govt. promise

·          

 

·          

Committee on accounts

·          

 

·          

 

 

Private member- Members of the Parliament who are not ministers.

Private member’s bill- Bills which are presented by the private members.

 

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